Arthritis and Exercise

ARTHRITIS

One of the greatest claims to fame of Spain's Costa Blanca region is the amazing climate which is ideal for those afflicted with very health issues, particularly arthritis. Our fitness boot camp holidays and personal training packages are tailored to meet your goals and physical limitations by incorporating exercises personalized to your specific needs. Whether you choose to visit us for a week long fitness holiday or live locally and would like one-to-one personal training, we will create a custom training program to help you reach your goals!

What is Arthritis?

An inflammatory condition mainly affecting the joints, resulting in pain and loss of movement’

  • U.S. – The most common chronic condition with 50% of over 65’s suffering with arthritis. 15% of the total population and expected to increase to 18% by 2020.

  • UK – 2 million related visits to their GP every year. 4.4 million have x-ray evidence of moderate to severe osteoarthritis in the hands/wrist, 550000 in the knees and 210000 in the hip.

  • Degenerative bone disorder resulting in pain and loss of motion about affected joints.

  • Osteoarthritis (OA)

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common joint problem (affecting over 5 million people in the UK) and generally begins asymptomatically in a person’s 30’s. It is extremely common by the age of 70. Almost all people aged 40 have some change in weight bearing joints although relatively few have any symptoms.

It is caused by the degeneration of cartilage in the joints. The lack of cartilage creates wearing on the bone surfaces causing inflammation and pain.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a degenerative joint disease in which the body’s immune system attacks its own tissue. This can cause an inflammatory response in multiple joints leading to pain and loss of movement.

In Summary:

Osteoarthritis

  • Most common

  • Affects over 5 million people in the UK

  • Begins asymptomatically in 30’s

  • Extremely common by age 70

Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Genetic disorder

RISK FACTORS

  • Increasing age (OA is not an inevitable result of aging, but is strongly linked)

  • Sex (severe OA, especially of the hand and knee show a female preponderance)

  • Ethnic groups (Hip OA is uncommon in black and Asian populations compared to white people, and hand OA is rare in black Africans and Malaysians) the link is thought to be genetic rather than cultural

  • Obesity

  • Genetics, hand, knee and hip OA show a strong heritability